Nazar Khalid and Aashish Gupta publish new World Development article

Vyasa, Sangita, Aashish Gupta, Nazar Khalid. 2021. Gender and LPG Use after Government Intervention in Rural North IndiaWorld Development.

Study Highlights

  • The use of solid fuels for cooking persists in rural north India despite large government subsidies encouraging liquid petroleum gas (LPG) adoption.
  • Using new quantitative and qualitative data, we find that patriarchal gender norms and attitudes encourage the use of solid fuels in this region.
  • These beliefs encourage women to preserve gas, promote work that facilitates the use of solid fuels, and hinder communication about LPG refills.
  • Those that regularly use gas often do so to facilitate the adherence to norms of seclusion that keep women from leaving home to collect solid fuels.
  • Future research and policy interventions should pay careful attention to the gender norms and attitudes that discourage the use of gas.

Photo credit: World LPG Association