Shadow Labor: Work and Wages among Immigrant Hispanic Women in Durham, NC

TitleShadow Labor: Work and Wages among Immigrant Hispanic Women in Durham, NC
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsFlippen, Chenoa A.
JournalAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
AbstractThis article examines the forces shaping the labor supply and wages of immigrant Hispanic women in new destinations. The analysis draws on data collected in Durham, North Carolina, and evaluates how labor market outcomes are influenced by variables including human capital, immigration characteristics (including legal status), family structure, and immigrant-specific labor market conditions such as subcontracting. Findings indicate that the main determinants of labor supply among immigrant Hispanic women in Durham relate to family structure, with human capital playing a relatively minor role. Important variation is observed in the degree of work-family conflict across occupations. For wages, human capital and immigration characteristics (including documentation) are more important than family structure. Results show that the position of immigrant Hispanic women in Durham's low-wage labor market is extremely precarious, with multiple, overlapping sources of disadvantage, particularly related to legal status and family structure.