AIDS Prevention Research in Chile and Implications for the United States

TitleAIDS Prevention Research in Chile and Implications for the United States
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsAiken, Linda H., and Margery Mullin
JournalResearch in the Sociology of Health Care
Volume13
Pagination319-336
ISBN Number0275-4959
Accession NumberPMID: 12320391
AbstractDescribes research conducted to develop a pragmatic acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) intervention strategy for Chile that utilizes the existing health care system. Data were drawn from: the Chilean Ministry of Health via mandatory case reporting; a review of the Chilean version of the World Health Organization Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, & Practices on AIDS general population survey; & small-scale studies of the validity of the official human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission classification system, including interviews with people with AIDS & a study of the health care system with respect to HIV testing in Santiago. Evidence suggests that the AIDS epidemic in Chile remains well differentiated, affecting primarily homosexual men. These conclusions call into question the effectiveness of the mass media campaign, which is the cornerstone of the current national AIDS prevention program. Partner notification & contact tracing, successful in other countries in identifying persons not previously known to be infected, appear to be feasible in Chile. Chile holds valuable lessons for the US in the more effective use of its primary care infrastructure & the great potential for nurses in AIDS prevention. The success of highly focused AIDS prevention programs in the US appears to hold greater promise for curbing the growth of the epidemic in Chile than the mass education strategies employed there now. 43 References. Adapted from the source document